The Probate Process in California
Responsibilities of Executor or Administrator
Out-of-State Issues During Probate
Continuing Or Initiating Lawsuits On Behalf Of Decedents
Can A Lawsuit Continue After The Intended Plaintiff’s Death?
When a plaintiff dies in the course of litigation, that legal action will likely continue. New cases can also be brought on behalf of the deceased. However, awards for pain and suffering are not normally achievable since the person cannot be compensated after death. Nonetheless, the personal representative of the deceased person’s estate or the deceased person’s successor in interest (when there is no personal representative) can continue litigation on the deceased person’s behalf having to do with other matters by following certain legal processes.
A successor in interest is defined as the “beneficiary of the decedent’s estate or other successor in interest who succeeds to a cause of action or to a particular item of the property that is the subject of a cause of action.”1 A successor in interest can act only if certain criteria are met. Firstly, no proceeding for the administration of the decedent’s estate can be pending in California, and there cannot be a personal representative acting on behalf of the decedent’s estate. If a personal representative has already been appointed, only the personal representative has standing to pursue the action on behalf of the decedent.2 Secondly, the successor in interest must execute and file with the court an affidavit or declaration certifying his or her interest and right to continue the proceeding and providing other specific information as required in the Probate Code.3
Selecting A Lawyer For Postmortem Litigation
The personal representative or successor in interest has the option of choosing whomever he or she desires as counsel. The factors involved in determining whether the personal representative or successor in interest will retain the decedent’s former counsel will include counsel’s knowledge of and involvement in the case as well as the issue of continuity.
When a plaintiff dies in the middle of a lawsuit, the motion to allow the action to be continued by the decedent’s personal representative or, if none, by the decedent’s successor in interest is filed in the court in which the action was already proceeding. The litigator chosen to pursue the lawsuit can completely avoid the probate department if probate counsel has been retained to open a probate and administer the estate.
A personal representative or the decedent’s successor in interest may also commence an action on behalf of a decedent.6 A successor in interest is obligated to file a declaration or affidavit with the court similar to the one filed when a successor is continuing an action on behalf of a decedent. The successor in interest’s affidavit or declaration must certify that no personal representative has been appointed, that no proceeding for the administration of the decedent’s estate is pending in California, and that he or she has the interest and right to pursue the action, among other specific requirements.7
So long as the action is one that survives death, the representative may commence the action on behalf of the decedent any time before the later of six months after the decedent’s death or within the limitations period that would have been applicable had the person not died.8 This affords the representative at least six months to sort through the paperwork of the decedent’s paper in search of claims the decedent might have brought if s/he had not died.
For Personal Representatives Or Successors In Interest, There Is No Time To Waste
When a litigant or potential litigant dies while litigation is underway or before it has been filed, there are urgent legal matters to address. Meeting deadlines set by the probate court is essential. For experienced counsel at such a time, consult with a law firm with a strong reputation.
1 Code Civ. Proc. §377.11.
2 Code Civ. Proc. §377.31.
3 Code Civ. Proc. §377.32. This section sets forth the specific elements that must be included in the affidavit or declaration and other required documentation.
4 Code Civ. Proc. §377.31.
6 Code Civ. Proc. §§377.30, 377.31.
7 Code Civ. Proc. §377.32.
8 Code Civ. Proc. §366.1.
If you wish to gain more information, please contact me for a free consultation. I will spend time with you to answer your questions. From my office in Southern California, I represent families throughout the state in Imperial County, Los Angeles County, San Bernardino County, San Diego County and beyond. I also represent parties residing outside of California that have probate matters affecting real and/or personal property in California.
To schedule a consultation, call me toll free at 800-575-9610 or locally at 760-989-4820. I enjoy meeting in person whenever possible, but I am also available via Skype and email or through my online contact form.
Disclaimer: This article is intended to provide general information. The content of this publication is for informational purposes only. Neither this publication nor its author is rendering legal or other professional advice or opinions on specific facts or matters. No attorney-client relationship is created by this advisory, nor by any response to the information herein, unless and until a conflicts review has been conducted by William K. Sweeney, and a written agreement containing all terms of representation has been signed.
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